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FIRE STATION LAYOUT 11 Similarly furniture and fixtures in fire stations attract and collect dirt and biological toxins. A 2011 study by the University of Washington Field Research and Consultation Group found MRSA on chairs phones computers and kitchen counters in fire stations in western Washington. This study shows the importance of keeping frequently touched items clean and disinfected. 11 For new fire station design plan adequate space requirements for turnout cleaning extractors to clean turnouts in-house or provide an area to package turnouts at the station prior to shipping to an Independent Service Provider ISP for third party cleaning. Follow manufacturers instructions on methods for cleaning turnouts. FACILITIES MAINTENANCE Initial andor periodic testing should be conducted at fire stations to ensure a safe environment for fire and EMS personnel working in those stations. 11 Dieselexhaust Engineered systems such as direct source capture systems need to be maintained to ensure they are exhausting the gasses and particulate matter to the outside atmosphere. Diesel exhaust is classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC as carcinogenic to humans Group 1. 11 StaphVRECDiffandMRSA Chronic health effects from bloodborne exposures that are persistent in the fire service. 11 Asbestos Older fire stations should be assessed for asbestos encapsulated pipe wrap. If the wrap is damaged it needs to be repaired or replaced. 11 Radon A radioactive gas that occurs naturally in the ground. It can enter into living spacesespecially basements through ground water or cracks in foundationsand congregate there. It is known to cause lung cancer. If found above EPA guidelines mitigation options should be considered. Diesel exhaust is classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC as carcinogenic to humans Group 1. 9