There is no single path to become a fire fighter in Washington State, but there are some basic qualifications: you should be over 18 years of age, have earned a high school diploma or GED, and possess a valid driver’s license.

Fire fighting is a physically demanding job. A first step might be to complete the Candidate Physical Abilities Test (CPAT). This test is designed to provide fire departments with pools of candidates who are physically able to perform essential tasks at fire scenes.

Every fire department uses a different process for recruiting, training, and hiring. To learn what these requirements are, contact your City, Fire District, or Regional Fire Authority.

Washington State Fire Fighters Joint Apprenticeship and Training Committee (WSFF JATC)

The WSFF JATC offers career fire fighters a disciplined career training and development program that integrates:

  • On-the-Job Training (OJT)
  • Professional Certifications: IFSAC, ProBoard
  • College-level Academic Studies

Fire Science degrees are offered at several educational institutions around the state, including:

Approved Washington Paramedic Education Programs:

Volunteering, particularly in rural communities, can be a great way to learn more about the fire service.

Many departments rely on centralized private training organizations to test candidates for jobs. The National Testing Network and Public Safety Testing provide testing and forward test scores and information to departments with open positions.

For more information on how to become a firefighter, visit the International Association of Firefighters (IAFF) website.